Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal F
||+ Seal F
||San Setsu An Raku-san
||+ Seal B
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 10 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 10th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Edition I first printing details for 10 are known precisely because copies of the delivery documents for installments four and five have survived.
10 was first announced as upcoming in the documents for installment four sent out on August 21, 1929.
The first printing run of about 200 copies was completed September 20, 1929, and the publication date was September 21, 1929 in installment five (of fifty).
However, additional edition I printings of 10 may have continued until 1933. The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
10 was reprinted in both later editions. Edition II printings for 10 can only be dated approximately from between 1936 and 1940 and edition III reprintings from between 1948 and 1955.
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition II: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA; (1951) 51.1736 [not illustrated online except as a slightly-cropped greeting card reproduction which is unusual in having an extra seal (seal C) at lower left]
Tree-peony, Paeonia suffruticosa,
牡丹, ぼたん, ボタン, botan
, now comes in many colors, shapes, and varieties.
For 10 Rakusan selected a later-blooming variety.
[Rakusan also illustrated elsewhere at least one other kind of tree-peony which blooms in the winter and which defines a similar constellation of designs including number 11
in this series.]
Straw-tailed (Fischer's) Whydah, Vidua fischeri, 妃雀, きさきすずめ, キサキスズメ, kisaki-suzume, lit. 'princess sparrow', is an ornamental exotic species native to East Africa.
Rakusan would have used a zoo or aviary specimen as his model for 10.