立葵にきんか鳥 (初夏)

tachiaoi ni kinkachou (shoka)

Hollyhocks and Zebra Finches (Early Summer)

タチアオイにキンカチョウ (初夏)


Original Number

13


ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR THIS DESIGN
Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
Edition I: 楽山居 Raku-zan Kyo + Seal G

[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article. For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]

Design History:
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown. The indentification of this design as number 13 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 13th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜 Rakuzan Kachou Gafu, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.

Some of the edition I first printing details for 13 are known precisely because copies of the delivery documents for installment six have survived. 13 was announced as upcoming in the documents for installment six sent out on October 25, 1929. The announcement was accompanied with 13alt, a woodblock print of an alternate sketch of the same design subject issued as a preview advertisement (see Related Designs below).

The first printing run of about 200 copies was completed on time, and 13 was first published in November 1929 in installment seven (of fifty). (The exact printing and publication dates are unknown since no copies of the installment seven delivery documents have yet been located.) Additional edition I printings of 13 may have continued until 1933. No later edition reprintings of 13 are currently known. The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.

Species Illustrated:
Hollyhock, Alcea (Althaea) rosea, 立(ち)葵, たちあおい, タチアオイ, tachi-aoi, lit. 'erect mallow', is a familiar garden plant in Japan and around the world. Hollyhock was first imported into Japan from China hundreds of years ago, and the plant became important in Japanese cultural life. Many color variations and flower forms have been developed by Japanese breeders. Rakusan used several kinds of hollyhocks in his artworks.

Zebra Finch, Taeniopygia guttata, 錦花鳥, 錦華鳥, きんかちょう, キンカチョウ, kin-ka-chou, lit. 'brocade-flower-bird', is a very common exotic cage bird in Japan and around the world. The subspecies Rakusan shows in 13 is native to Australia. A mated pair is illustrated, the male is the more colorful with rusty-orange cheek patches.


Related Designs:
13alt

Other designs with hollyhock:
136-1 136-2 136-3 136-4 136-5 136