Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal G
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 19 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 19th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 19 was in February 1930 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment ten (of fifty).
However, additional edition I printings of 19 may have continued until 1933.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
No later edition reprintings of 19 are currently known.
19alt, a woodblock print of an alternate sketch of the same design subject was issued the month before the initial printing of 19 as a preview advertisement (see Related Designs below).
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition I: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA; (1951) 51.1748 [not illustrated online].
(Japanese) Persimmon, Diospyros kaki
, 柿, かき, カキ, kaki
, is a familiar fruit tree now widely planted around the world.
Despite the name, the tree is native to China, but it has been bred into several popular commercial varieties in Japan where it was an early exotic introduction.
The persimmon fruit is very astringent and is not eaten until it is overripe and sweet.
In the title-caption for 19 Rakusan uses a descriptor, 味, aji
, which typically means 'taste, flavor' in an uncommon way, indicating that the fruit is ripe to the point of being ready to eat.
The descriptor 紅葉, kouyou
, lit. 'red-leaf', refers to leaves which have turned color (especially red) in autumn.
(Elsewhere in this series on design number 62
, Rakusan translated this descriptor into English as 'red autumn ___ leaves' and that translation is used here.)
Bull-headed Shrike, Lanius bucephalus, 百舌(鳥), 鵙, もず, モズ, mozu, is a familiar native bird in Japan.
The Japanese name is also used as a general name for any species of shrike.