Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal A
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 24 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 24th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 24 was in April 1930 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment twelve (of fifty).
However, additional edition I reprintings of 24 may have continued until 1933.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
No later edition reprintings of 24 are currently known.
24alt, a woodblock print of an alternate sketch of the same design subject was issued the month before the initial printing of 24 as a preview advertisement.
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition I: Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PA, USA; (1990) 90.18.9 [not illustrated online].
Japanese Winterberry, Ilex serrata
, 梅擬, うめもどき, ウメモドキ, ume-modoki
, lit. 'pseudo-plum', is a kind of deciduous native holly.
In the title-caption for 24 Rakusan uses the descriptor 大粒, oo-tsubu
, lit. 'large-berry', apparently with the intention of indicating a kind of winterberry.
That varietal name is not in current usage and the illustration is consistent with the usual subspecies.
Lichen and white shelf fungus are growing on the treetrunk, but are never mentioned in the title-captions.
Red Crossbill, Loxia curvirostra, 鶍, 交喙, いすか, イスカ, isuka, lit. lit. 'coming&going beak', is a distinctive Japanese native.
In 24 Rakusan shows two bright red male birds and one greenish female.