Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal A
||+ Seal B
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 25 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 25th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 25 was in May 1930 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment thirteen (of fifty).
However, additional edition I reprintings may have continued until 1933.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
No edition II reprintings of 25 are currently known.
Edition III copies of 27 can only be approximately dated from between 1948 and 1955.
Rakusan considered 25 to be one of his best designs and included it in at least three formal presentation albums between 1935 and 1940.
25alt, a woodblock print of an alternate sketch of the same design subject was issued the month before the initial printing of 25 as a preview advertisement.
Red Garden Pea, Pisum sativum
var., 赤豌豆, あかえんどう, アカエンドウ, aka-endou
, lit. 'red pea', is an originally exotic legume which was an early import into Japan.
It is grown both for its flowers and agriculturally.
Here the bamboo stake support indicates that the pea is growing in a garden setting.
Oriental (Gray-capped) Greenfinch, Carduelis sinica, 河原鶸, 川原鶸, かわらひわ, カワラヒワ, kawara-hiwa, lit. 'riverbed-siskin/finch', is a common Japanese songbird.
In 25 Rakusan shows two birds, presumably indicating a mated pair; but the sexes are similar in appearance, and it could be any two birds here.