Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal A
||+ Seal B
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 34 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 34th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 34 was in September 1930 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment seventeen (of fifty).
However, additional edition I printings of 34 may have continued until 1933.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
34 was reprinted in in edition III, but currently no copies from edition II are documented.
Edition III reprintings can only be dated approximately from between 1948 and 1955.
Both known editions are slightly different in color and technique, but edition markings should be used to confirm identification.
34alt, a woodblock print of an alternate sketch of the same design subject was issued the month before the initial printing of 34 as a preview advertisement (see Related Designs below).
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition III: DePaul University Museum, Chicago, IL, USA; (5163); [illustrated online].
Chinese Peony (or Garden Peony), Paeonia lactiflora
, 芍薬, しゃくやく, シャクヤク, shakuyaku
, is an herbaceous clumping perennial peony (rather than a tree-peony).
This pair of related designs are the only Rakusan designs known to show this kind of peony.
As the name implies, this is an exotic garden plant, but it was long ago imported into Japan and is widely grown today.
Common Redpoll, Carduelis (Acanthis) flammea, today usually called 紅鶸, べにひわ, ベニヒワ, beni-hiwa, lit. 'red-finch', is a Japanese native species.
Rakusan used a different name in his title-caption for 34, 紅戴, beni-itadaki, beni-itadaki, lit.'red-crowned'.