Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal A
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 42 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 42nd design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 42 was in January 1931 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment twenty-one (of fifty).
Additional edition I printings of 42 may have continued until mid 1933.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
No later edition printings of 42 are currently known.
42alt, a woodblock print of an alternate sketch of the same design subject was issued the month before the initial printing of 42 as a preview advertisement.
The execution of the print for 42 has a printing error.
The privet leaves are all underprinted in yellow and were supposed to be overprinted in green.
Instead a pair of leaves at lower left remained yellow because the required area on the green block was accidentally carved away.
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition I: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA; (1951) 51.2482 [not illustrated online].
Evergreen Privet, Ligustrum japonicum
, is today usually called 鼠の小枕, , ねずみのこまくら, ネズミノコマクラ, nezumi no ko-makura
, lit. 'rat's little pillow'.
Instead Rakusan wrote 鼠のまくら, nezumi no makura
, lit. 'rat's pillow', a variation which omitted the diminutive adjective.
Included in the composition at the bottom, but not mentioned in the title-caption, is a spray of Japanese Red Cedar (or Peacock Pine), Cryptomeria japonica, 杉 sugi,
which is a native Japanese tree widely used for timber and for landscape plantings.
Narcissus Flycatcher, Ficedula narcissina, 黄鶲, きびたき, キビタキ, ki-bitaki, lit. 'yellow-flycatcher', is a Japanese native species.
The birds are shown as a mated pair, the drab female and the brightly colored male.