Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal A
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 55 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 55th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 55 was in August 1931 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment twenty-eight (of fifty).
However, additional edition I printings of 55 may have continued until as late as 1933.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
No later edition printings of 55 are currently known.
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition I: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA; (1951) 51.1734 [not illustrated online].
Tricolor Amaranth (Tampala, Joseph's Coat), Amaranthus tricolor
, has many different names in modern Japanese, and this colorful plant is a frequent art subject.
Rakusan's name 雁耒紅 apparently represents a carving error in which 耒 was substituted for 来. Today 雁来紅, (and 葉鶏頭), are typically read as はげいとう, ハゲイトウ, ha-geitou
, lit. 'leaf cockscomb'.
(雁来紅 can also be read がんらいこう, ガンライコウ, ganraikou
Another popular name is 錦鶏頭, にしきげいとう, ニシキゲイトウ, nishiki-geitou
, lit. 'colored [leaf] cockscomb'.
[The name for Crested Cockscomb, Celosia
, 鶏頭, けいとう, ケイトウ, kei-tou
, lit. 'chicken-head', is used
as a general base name for all varieties of cockscombs and for the related amaranths.
All of these plants are old garden imports which have been extensively bred and hybridized in Japan for centuries.]
Great Tit, Parus major, is 四十雀, しじゅうから, シジュウカラ, shijuu-kara (or しじゅうがら, シジュウガラ, shijuu-gara), lit. '40 tit'.
Great Tit is one of several species which appear twice in this series.