さんしゅゆにえなが (初春) [spelling corrected]

さんしゆにえなが (初春) [original as printed]

sanshuyu ni enaga (shoshun)

Cornelian Cherry and Long-tailed Tits (Early Spring)

サンシュユにエナガ (初春)


Original Number

79


ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR THIS DESIGN
Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
Edition I: 楽山作 Raku-zan Saku + Seal A
Edition II(?) or Edition III(?): 楽山篁子生 Raku-zan Kou-shi-sei + Seal B

[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article. For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]

Design History:
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown. The indentification of this design as number 79 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 79th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜 Rakuzan Kachou Gafu, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'. Initial edition I publication of 79 was in August 1932 (or perhaps slightly later), and it was delivered in installment forty (of fifty). Because this design appeared so late in the series, it was probably not reprinted before the series completion in 1933, and only the initial print run of about 200 copies comprises edition I. The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.

79 was printed in at least one later edition. Unfortunately, the few currently documented examples lack the edition-diagnostic watermark evidence. The scarcity of examples suggests these represent the much smaller edition III printing, but edition II cannot at this point be ruled out. For 79, potential edition II printings can only be dated approximately from between 1936 and 1941, and potential edition III printings between 1948 and 1955.

79 was reproduced as a fine art quality large greeting card. The model was a later edition copy of 79. The image area dimensions are 6.5" x 9.25", which falls within the range of the smallest of the similar Foster reproductions (usually given as roughly 7" x 9"). The 79 reproduction is associated with no direct mention of Foster, and it does not appear in the Foster booklet. However, it is likely that there is a Foster connection of some kind. Several mostly undatable copies are well documented, but it was known to be still in print in 1961 and probably was first sold in the mid to late 1950s. [For additional general information on Foster, the booklet, or the fine art reproductions, see the Foster article.]

Species Illustrated:
Japanese Cornelian Cherry, Cornus officinalis, 山茱萸, さんしゅゆ, サンシュユ, sanshuyu, lit. 'mountain silverberry' is a kind of dogwood rather than a cherry. Its Japanese name is derived from 茱萸 or しゅゆ shuyu, 'silverberry, Elaeagnus', an unrelated berry-producing shrub.

Branches of an as yet unidentified plant, perhaps an evergreen shrub, is included in the design in the lower right portion of the design background.

Long-tailed Tit, Aegithalos caudatus, 柄長, えなが, エナガ e-naga, lit. 'long-handle' (describing the long tail) is a very active small native Japanese bird.


Related Designs:
Other designs including Long-tailed Tits
110-2 116-5