Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
||+ Seal A
[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.
For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown.
The indentification of this design as number 84 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 84th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu
, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'.
Initial edition I publication of 84 was in October 1932 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment forty-two (of fifty).
Because this design appeared so late in the series, it may not have been reprinted before the series completion in 1933, and only the initial print run of about 200 copies comprises edition I.
The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I.
No later edition reprintings of 84 are currently known.
Copies in Public Collections:
Edition I: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA; (1951) 51.1746 [not illustrated online].
Japanese Aucuba (Japanese Laurel), Aucuba japonica
, あおき, アオキ, 青木, ao-ki
, lit. 'green tree', is a Japanese native ornamental shrub or small tree which has many cultivated varieties.
Rakusan has shown the red berries from the previous season lingering together with the spring crop of new flowers.
Hinoki (Japanese) Cypress, Chamaecyparis obtusa, ヒノキ, ひのき, 桧(木), 檜(木), hinoki, is a popular ornamental and timber species native to Japan.
The Japanese name has been borrowed as the English common name.
Rakusan does not mention Hinoki Cypress in the title-caption, but a branch with cones extends into the background from the right frame.
Blue-and-White Flycatcher, Cyanoptila cyanomelana, おおるり, オオルリ, 大瑠璃, oo-ruri, lit. 'large lapis-lazuli', is a familiar and colorful native species.
Rakusan has shown three males who are perhaps courting the one plain female in the group.
Here Rakusan uses 群, ore, 'flock (a general collective)'.