ぽんぽんだりやに一紅鳥 (晩秋)

ponpon dariya ni ikkouchou (banshuu)

Pompon Dahlia and Cut-throat Finch (Late Autumn)

ポンポンダリアにイッコウチョウ(晩秋)


Original Number

94


ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR THIS DESIGN
Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
Edition I: 楽山作 Raku-zan Saku + Seal A

[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article. For edition characteristics applicable to this series as a whole, see the Edition article.]

Design History:
This woodblock print was produced from an original painting on silk dating from the late 1920s whose current location is unknown. The indentification of this design as number 94 is original to Rakusan who published the print as the 94th design in his series of one hundred woodblock prints called 楽山花鳥畫譜, Rakuzan Kachou Gafu, lit. 'Rakusan's Flower and Bird Print Series'. Initial edition I publication of 94 was in March 1933 (or perhaps slightly later) in installment forty-seven (of fifty). Because this design was among the last in the series, it was unlikely to have been reprinted immediately. Therefore only the initial print run of about 200 copies is believed to comprise edition I for this design. The copy illustrated here is typical of edition I. No later edition printings of 94 are currently known.

Species Illustrated:
Garden Dahlia (Dahlia) hybrids are very popular introduced ornamental plants in Japan, and many new varieties and forms have been developed by Japanese horticulturalists. The name has been variously borrowed into Japanese as だりや, ダリヤ, dariya; ダリア daria; ダーリヤ daariya; and ダーリア daaria. An older name was 天竺牡丹, tenjiku-botan, lit. 'Indian treepeony' (using the name of India although the plants are originally Central American). Japanese ぽんぽん, ポンポン, ponpon, is borrowed from the flower form name pompon used in several Western languages. Dahlia tubers cannot survive cold winters and are typically dug up, stored, and replanted each year. Therefore dahlias only occur in carefully tended garden settings, and are often supported with bamboo stakes as shown in this design.

Cut-throat Finch Amandina fasciata 一紅鳥, イッコウチョウ, ikkou-chou, lit. '#1 [stroke] red bird' is an exotic African finch easily reared as a cagebird. Other than being normally written in kana, the name is the same today.

The large insect (not mentioned in the title-caption) is clearly a member of the grasshopper family Acrididae. It is probably the Oriental Long-headed Locust, Acrida cinerea, ショウリョウバッタ, 精霊飛蝗, shouryou-batta, lit. 'spirit-locust', a common Japanese species. Rakusan has used the same sort of insect in several different designs.


Related Designs:
Other designs including various kinds of dahlia:
115-1 115-2 115-3 115-4 115-5 115

Other designs with locusts:
115 109-4