[modernly supplied title]



Hill Cherry


Assigned Number / 規定番号


Theme Identification / 画題識別

130 Cherry Theme / 130 サクラ画題

Signature and Seal Markings:
Edition I (only edition): 楽山篁子生 Raku-zan Kou-shi-sei + Seal B

[For illustration of seals listed by seal code letter, see the Seals article.]

Series History and Definitions:
During the two years between mid 1933 and mid 1935 Rakusan produced a series of 180 individual woodblock-printed fan designs. These fan designs are printed as negative images with a single impression of black ink. Although all are actually woodblock prints, this traditional negative-image printing style is called 石摺(り), ishi-zuri, lit. 'stone rubbing', from its superficial resemblance to that technique. Rakusan called this series 篁子生石摺画選, Koushisei Ishizuri Gasen, lit. 'Koushisei's Stone-rubbing Print Selection', but it is usually called here the Fan Series.

Rakusan arranged the Fan Series prints into shared-subject groups typically consisting of one design in each of five different fan silhouette shapes. Each of these groups of Fan Series designs are united by a corresponding polychrome 36 Series design which defines the subject. Each shared-subject Fan Series group and its 36 Series design together comprise a theme (画題, gadai).

Rakusan did not include the Fan Series in his main sequence numbering. Therefore, the original number used for each of the 36 Series prints has been modified to identify the Fan Series members of its theme. The five different fan silhouette shapes have been here assigned arbitrary numbers 1 through 5. To indicate a fan design these shape designations are added to the 36 Series number separated by a hyphen. 130-3 is the Fan Series design with fan shape 3 in the 130 Cherry theme. Like all other designs in this series, 130-3 was only produced in a single print run, and few copies are currently documented.

Theme History:

The 130 Cherry theme is one of the many entirely regular themes represented by a complete fan quintet and a color woodblock print. The Fan Series prints of the 130 Cherry theme were distributed in early 1935 in installment ten (of twelve), but the delivery documents for installment ten remain to be discovered. The series as originally announced would have seen this installment published in October 1934. However, with documented delays the earliest month it could actually have been delivered is January 1935, and it may well have been even further delayed.

Four of the five fan designs in this theme and the 36 Series design 130 have seal C which indicates a carving date during the first half of 1934. Despite the early completion of most of its wooden blocks, Rakusan delayed printing and distribution of the prints in what became the 130 Cherry theme until the following year. It was eventually grouped with other spring season themes nearer to the end of the series. Use of seal B on 130-3 suggests it was carved somewhat later than the other designs.

A minimum of three different kinds of cherry are shown in 130 Cherry theme designs. The flowers in 130, 130-1, and 130-3 are double; in 130-2 and 130-4 they are single; and in 130-5 they are also single and in addition this is the only weeping form. Therefore, the theme subject cannot be expressed as any particular variety of cherry.

At least some of the cherry designs in this theme were adapted from sketches originally created in the late 1920s during the planning of designs 3, 88, 87, and 67 in the earlier 100 Series (see below).

The composition of 130-3 includes two flowering cherry branches. Many of the flowers are open, but several are still in bud, and the leaves are beginning to emerge. 130-3 is rendered as a perfect negative version of the original sketch. In the original the flowers are light colored and the branches, stems, and leaves are dark. The ishizuri version is the exact opposite.

The woodblock print of 130-3 was modeled closely on an actual-size original sumi sketch which although lost can be reconstructed by digitally reversing the image of the woodblock print:

130-3 as originally drawn (reconstruction)

Species Illustrated:
In Japanese the general name for any cherry is 桜 (or older style 櫻), さくら, サクラ, sakura. As with many kinds of cultivated flowering cherry, the species identification is subject to taxonomic disagreement. In the West many varieties are often described as selections (or hybrids) of Japanese (Hill) Cherry, Prunus serrulata, a tall wild species with orange new foliage and smooth bark popularly called 山桜, やまざくら, ヤマザクラ, yama-zakura, lit. 'mountain cherry'. In Japan this wild cherry is sometimes identified as Prunus (Cerasus) jamazakura (with the species name taken from a European spelling of the Japanese name). The variety shown in 130-3 has a semi-double flower.

Related Designs:
Other designs in the 130 Cherry theme:
130-1 130-2 130-4 130-5 130

Other designs with kinds of cherries:
3 88 81 67