南天
Nandina
ナンテン


Temporary Number

WC7


ADDITIONAL NOTES FOR THIS DESIGN
Currently Documented Edition Signature and Seal Markings:
Edition I: 楽山 Raku-zan + Seal B2

[For illustration of seals, see the Seals article.]

Design History:
This woodblock print WC7 was modeled on an original painting on paper about two or three times larger whose current location is unknown. It is arbitrarily designated WC7, but the order of publication after WC3A and WC3B in 1937 is conjectural. However, WC7 was almost certainly first created to be sent out for one of the winter holidays during the period 1938-1941. Like the earlier winter cards, WC7 was probably commissioned by Mr. Masao Morikawa, the Secretary to the President of Doshisha University in Kyoto. Morikawa was both a long-time friend and an important and influential patron of Rakusan.

WC7 is known from only a single edition with little or no individual variation among copies. The ink used to print the tan background contains a yellow pigment which is very prone to sun-fading. The copy illustrated here had been partially exposed to too much light, and a vertical strip about 0.3 cm wide along the right margin has faden from tan to pink.

WC7 is unusual in that it is the only kacho winter card design, and the only one with no architectural elements. Because its kacho design is very decorative, WC7 was reprinted and sold or given away in large numbers after World War II. (It is also used here in the upper right corner of the index page for this website.)

Species Illustrated:
Nandina, Nandina domestica, 南天, なんてん, ナンテン, nanten, has many varieties and garden cultivars. Its former common names, "Sacred Bamboo" and "Heavenly Bamboo", are today seldom used since the plant is actually neither a kind of bamboo nor is it at all closely related to it. Nandina is often used in Japan as a symbol of winter.


Related Designs:

Other designs with nandina: [Rakusan also used the nandina motif in several paintings not yet illustrated.]
1 119-1 119-3 119-4 119-5 119