(dark background) (light background)

mokuren to beni oumu
Magnolia and Red Parrot


(Publication Date)

Currently Documented Characteristics for Both Dark and Light Background Versions:
Attribution Marking: [no signature]; Hodo seal
Title-caption (right margin): 木蓮とべにおうむ, mokuren to beni oumu, Magnolia and Red Parrot
Publication Date (left margin): 昭和十二年三月作 (March 1937)
Takemura Copyright (lower left margin): 版権所有 竹村秀雄, han ken sho yu Takemura Hideo, ‘printing rights held by Takemura Hideo’.

Design History:
This design is one of several in a small series which Hodo created for Takemura. It is one of two designs which share the same date, March 1937, which is also the earliest date known for this series. Because there are almost certainly designs which remain to be documented, this series has not yet been assigned sequence numbers. For now the design is labeled with its original publication date taken from the left margin.

Species Illustrated:
木蓮, 木蘭, もくれん, モクレン, mokuren, is a general name for any Magnolia, Magnolia spp. The particular variety illustrated here has not yet been identified.

鸚鵡, おうむ, オウム, oumu, is a general name for any large parrot including cockatoos and macaws. The distinctively colored species in this design is a Scarlet Macaw, Ara macao. This title-caption labels the species descriptively simply as べにおうむ [ベニオウム], beni oumu, 'red parrot'. In modern Japanese usage, the name for Scarlet Macaw is コンゴウインコ, kongou-inko, lit. 'Congo parrot'. (This name is an odd choice since the Congo is in Africa and the Scarlet Macaw (and indeed all macaws) are native to the tropical Americas.)

Related Designs: