(original painting on paper)

Temporary Number


Design History:
This small original painting was created in 1936 as one of a series of sample designs for Mr. Masao Morikawa. Mr. Morikawa was the Secretary to the President of Doshisha University in Kyoto. He was both a long-time friend and an important and influential patron. Morikawa was to select a design from the series to be adapted as a woodblock-printed winter holiday greeting card. This particular design was the one Morikawa chose, but it required some modification to the composition and the addition of more colors.

The revised version LK3-12 was the eventual model for the woodblock print WC2. The earlier version, LK3-11, was never made into a woodblock print. Because this series of paintings was never intended for distribution, none were signed or sealed. This series of paintings was retained in Rakusan's personal collection.

Location Illustrated:
Friend Peace House, フレンドピースハウス furendo piisu hausu is a historic building owned by Doshisha University. Its name is taken from Basic English, a simplified version of English sometimes taught by early missionary teachers. It houses international students and foundation offices.

The building was originally built as a home for a missionary in the late 19th century across the street from the eastern edge of Kyoto Imperial Park. The property also extends to the next street to the east and today there are entrances from both streets. In 1936 Doshisha University was planning on selling the property (which is near but not part of the main Imadegawa campus). However, Dr. and Mrs. Theodore Richards of Honolulu bought the property with the idea of renovating it and presenting it back to the university. They paid for the renovation and repurposing of the building and provided an endowment from their foundation. Friend Peace Foundation of Hawaii commemorated its 25th anniversary and the 60th anniversary of the founding of Doshisha University in 1936 with the Richards’ gift. The building which still stands was renovated again in 1997 and was registered as a Material Cultural Asset on March 2, 2006. The Richards Friend Peace Scholarship is still offered to Christian students in the Asia-Pacific region through the Hawaii Conference Foundation. Therefore, Friend Peace House is also called Hawaii Ryo, ハワイ寮 hawai ryou, 'Hawaii Dormitory'.

As part of his Doshisha duties, Morikawa handled much of the dealings with foreign visitors and potential donors. The magnitude of the Richards' gift (and the need to advertise and acknowledge it) no doubt led Morikawa to chose this subject for the official 1936 holiday card to be sent out by his immediate superior, Doshisha President Hachiro Yuasa. Morikawa also modified the resulting winter card WC2 for his own personal use.

All of the Rakusan views of this building are of the more elegant west entrance which faces the park. In the LK3-11 version more of the building and plantings are shown. Also the dog and the modern bicycle which appear in this version are omitted in the final design. LK3-11 is one of only three designs with bicycles, the most modern conveyance shown in any Rakusan design.

Related Designs:
Other designs of Friend Peace House:
LK3-12 WC2